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Hispanic - Latinx Theologies

Religion in Latin America is characterized by the historical predominance of Catholicism (nearly 40% of the world's total Catholic population) and growing number and influence of a large number of groups that belong to Protestantism, as well as by the presence of Irreligion. According to survey data from Statista in 2020, 57% of the Latin American population is Catholic and 19% is Protestant.

Catholics remain the largest religious group among Latinos in the United States, even as their share among Latino adults has steadily declined over the past decade. By contrast, the share of Latinos who identify as Protestants – including evangelical Protestants – has been relatively stable, while the percentage who are religiously unaffiliated has grown substantially over the same period. As of 2022 [in the United States], 43% of Hispanic adults identify as Catholic, down from 67% in 2010. Even so, Latinos remain about twice as likely as U.S. adults overall to identify as Catholic, and considerably less likely to be Protestant. Meanwhile, the share of Latinos who are religiously unaffiliated (describing themselves as atheist, agnostic or “nothing in particular”) now stands at 30%, up from 10% in 2010 and from 18% a decade ago in 2013. The share of Latinos who are religiously unaffiliated is on par with U.S. adults overall.

The demographic forces shaping the nation’s (United States) Latino population also have impacted religious affiliation trends. Young people born in the U.S. – not immigrants – have driven Latino population growth since the 2000s. Among U.S. Latinos ages 18 to 29, 79% were born in the United States. About half (49%) of Latinos in this age group now identify as religiously unaffiliated. By contrast, only about one-in-five Latinos ages 50 and older are unaffiliated; most of these older Latinos (56%) were born outside the U.S. Overall, 52% of Latino immigrants identify as Catholic and 21% are unaffiliated. U.S.-born Latinos are less likely to be Catholic (36%) and more likely to be unaffiliated (39%), according to a 2022 Pew Research Center survey of Latino adults. For more information, see and

--  Among U.S. Latinos, Catholicism Continues to Decline but Is Still the Largest Faith, Pew Research Center

    Religion in Latin America, Pew Research Center

Hispanic/Latin American Faith: Books and eBooks at the E.M. White Library

Databases and Articles

To locate articles related to Hispanic Latino/a theology topics, try searching in the databases below.
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