Commentaries explain scripture of the Bible verse-by-verse or section-by-section in detail.There are dozens of Biblical commentaries available that vary greatly in detail of coverage, analysis and intended audience. Commentaries can consist of only one volume or multiple volume sets.
It is important to keep in mind that commentaries vary in affiliation or perspective. As in all theological scholarship, authors of commentaries typically reflect distinct theological orientations, shaped by their denominational identities, current place of employment, and other factors. When selecting commentaries, it is therefore advisable to pay attention both to relevant biographical factors for the author as disclosed in the blurb for a given commentary, and also to the publisher (asking, for example, whether it is affiliated with a particular denomination, a university press, etc.). Being aware of the author’s and/or press’s theological or ideological biases can help the user of the commentary to be more a more discerning reader.
Below are the general types of commentaries that can be found in the E.M. White library.
Critical, Technical or Exegetical commentaries are scholarly works that examine passages in great detail. Varying viewpoints, fine technical points, literary styles, or critical theories may be discussed in these commentaries. Critical commentaries are based on the Greek, Hebrew or Aramaic text, which may require an understanding of the original languages. These titles are typically written by Biblical scholars and theologians.
Semi-technical commentaries are somewhat less technical than the commentaries described above. However these still go into great detail, and the authors do not assume readers know the original languages.
Devotional or Applicational commentaries are designed for laity or general readers, which focus on the meaning of the text and life applications. These titles are often used to aid in Bible study groups.
Examples include (not owned by library):
The 365 Day Devotional Commentary
BE Series Commentary
Opening Up the Bible
Best Commentaries WebsiteBestCommentaries.com collects these reviews and ratings along with those of site users with the goal of enabling Bible students at all levels to make good, informed decisions about which commentaries they should purchase. It also provides a constantly updated biblography of commentaries on each book of the Bible and other subjects. -- Best Commentaries website.
Reformed Books OnlineRobust website for historic commentaries. "Our purpose is to promote Biblical, historic, reformed Christianity by providing in one location a collection of the best theological literature available for free on the internet, with an emphasis on the Reformation and puritan eras. Other periods are included as well, especially as we expand. This site is intended to be popular enough for the new Christian and at the same time in-depth enough to be helpful to scholars. This site was built by, and is expanded and maintained by Travis Fentiman. He earned a Masters of Divinity from Greenville Presbyterian Theological Seminary (2009), works as a nurse and is a member of the Free Church of Scotland (Continuing). He resides with his wife and three children in Vermont, USA." -- https://reformedbooksonline.com
An Annotated Guide to Biblical Resources in Ministry by David R. BauerBauer (biblical studies, Asbury Theological Seminary, Wilmore, Kentucky) provides pastors, scholars, and seminary students a guide to secondary resources for use in biblical interpretation. Twenty-two hundred titles by 1,300 authors are organized into sections on the whole Bible, the Old Testament,
A Guide to Biblical Commentaries and Reference Works by John F. EvansA Guide to Biblical Commentaries and Reference Works, by John F. Evans, summarizes and briefly analyzes all recent and many older commentaries on each book of the Bible, giving insightful comments on the approach of each commentary and its interpretive usefulness especially for evangelical interpreters of the Bible. A Guide to Biblical Commentaries and Reference Works is essentially an annotated bibliography of hundreds of commentators. More scholarly books receive a longer, more detailed treatment than do lay commentaries, and highly recommended commentaries have their author's names in bold. The author keeps up on the publication of commentaries and intends to update this book every three to four years.